DNA transcription and translation pdf

(PDF) Transcription and translation - ResearchGat

DNA Transcription - Translation Activity Critical Thinking Exercise Organisms are made up of proteins that are, in turn, made up of amino acids. The amino acids needed for protein synthesis by each organism is encoded in their DNA. Using the processes of transcription and stored in the DNA molecule occurs in two stages: -(i) transcription, during which DNA is transcribed into mRNA; - (ii) translation, during which mRNA is translated to produce a protein. DNA mRNA protein Other important aspects of regulation: methylation, alternative splicing, etc Transcription means that the genetic informations stored in double-strande d DNA are copied. or printed in the form of a single-str anded RNA molecule like mRNA, tRNA, rRNA [1]. The. first stage. DNA Replication--- transcription--- translation Transcription - The process of making RNA molecules by copying part of a DNA nucleotide sequence. - Production of mRNA copy of the DNA gene - Uracil replaces Thymine. - At the end of transcription: mRNA carries the genetic information out of the nucleus into the cytoplasm where i translation translation transcription DNA transcription nuclear export splicing pre-mRNA mRNA processing. 3 DNA is a template in RNA synthesis In DNA replication, both DNA strands of ds DNA act as templates to specify the complementary base sequence on the new chains, by base-pairing

Protein Synthesis - MRS

DNA, RNA, Transcription, and Translation (Protein Synthesis) Standard H.B.4 The student will demonstrate an understanding of the specific mechanisms by which characteristics or traits are transferred from one generation to the next via genes DNA Transcription DNA Transcription also begins with the double helix unwinding and unzipping. Then a strand of material called messenger RNA (mRNA) comes in and copies the section of base pairs, reading it like a code. 1. Messenger RNA is similar to DNA except that the sugar in RNA is a ribose (DNA's sugar is a deoxyribose) Transcription. 1.) RNA - Polymerase attaches to the promoter. The promoter is a region on the DNA, which is located upstream, near the transcription start side. 2.) Transcription is initiated. 3.) The RNA-Polymerase is starting to synthesize the Pre-mRNA from the 5' to the 3' direction. 4. 1: DNA Replication, Transcription and Translation Last updated; Save as PDF Page ID 7751; No headers. DNA Replication. I. Chromosomal DNA. A. Function: DNA base sequence encodes information for amino acid sequence of proteins. Genetic code: 1 to 1 relationship between a codon (specific sequence of 3 bases) and 1 amino acid

DNA, RNA, Transcription, and Translation (Protein Synthesis

Fundamentals: Nucleic acids, DNA replication, transcription, translation and application to molecular detection. Prokaryotic cell. Binary Fission • Bacteria reproduce asexually via binary fission • Each daughter cell is an identical copy (or clone) of its parent cell. Microbial evolution 101. Generation Transcription translation practice worksheet fill in with the mrna strand then translate to the amino acid sequence 1 dna. Using the genetic code chart fill in the amino acids for each dna strand. A nucleotide and nucleic acid b amino acid and protein c transcription and translation d template strand and non template strand - The enzyme for transcription is RNA polymerase, whereas the enzyme for DNA replication is DNA polymerase. - T (thymine) in DNA is replaced by U (uracil) in RNA. Translation is the process that makes proteins. mRNA carries the genetic message from the nucleus to the ribosomes where proteins are synthesized

Intro to DNA, RNA and Protein Synthesis • RNA (Ribonucleic acid) is a polymer of nucleotides that are formed on the surface of DNA by transcription. • There are three forms of RNA: 1. Messenger RNA (mRNA) -is a single-stranded RNA molecule that is complementary to one of the DNA strands of a gene. The mRNA is an RNA version of the gene that leaves the cell nucleus and moves to the. Transcription occurs in the nucleus (where the DNA is) and, once made, the mRNA moves to the cytoplasm (where translation can occur) 2.7.U4 Transcription is the synthesis of mRNA copied from the DNA base sequences by RNA polymerase. https:// upload.wikimedia.org / wikipedia /commons/3/36/ DNA_transcription.sv

• Transcription • Protein-coding genes are transcribed into pre-mRNA that must be processed in the nucleus into mRNA before moving to the cytoplasm for translation • Transcription requires RNA polymerase, but no primer; transcription of coding strand of DNA occurs from 5 to 3 end • Ribonucleotides include A, C, G, and Transcription and Translation Worksheet For each of the following sequences, fill in either the DNA, the mRNA codons, the tRNA anticodons, or the amino acid sequences that have been left blank. If several sequences might work choose any one. Use first 3 letters of amino acids for AA • Transcription -DNA message is converted into mRNA format • Translation -mRNA message is converted into protein • DNA is the informational molecule which specifies the structure of proteins using RNA intermediat LECTURE NOTES on DNA REPLICATION and PROTEIN SYNTHESIS: Transcription and Translation DNA Structure DNA (or deoxyribonucleic acid), a double-helix nucleic acid, often is compared to a twisted ladder, with the rails of the ladder represented by the alternating deoxyribose and phosphate

DNA Replication, RNA, Transciption, Translation,

The nature of transcription and translation worksheet answer key in education. #2 a c t dna: Transcription and translation worksheet answer key transcription and translation practice amp worksheets tpt transcripton class date 13 rna and protein synthesis chapter test a transcription and translation practice answer key protein synthesis worksheet Transcription And Translation Worksheet Answers Pdf. T g t transcription mrna: #2 a c t dna: Phonetic quizzes as worksheets to print. 2 nd fill in the correct mrna bases by transcribing the bottom dna code. Show where transcription and translation are occurring make sure to label the dna and the rna (all three types!)Continue reading Transcription And Translation Worksheet Answers Pdf

Practicing DNA Transcription and Translation For the following examples give the appropriate sequence of DNA mRNA tRNA andor polypeptide AA amino acids. Transcription And Translation Worksheet Yahoo Image Search Results Transcription And Translation Dna Transcription And Translation Dna Transcription . Protein Synthesis Worksheet Directions Transcription and translation practice worksheet answers pdf by admin january 14 2021 18 posts related to transcription and translation practice transcription and translation worksheet answers pdf. Dna structure and function worksheet ap biology 1. 06.01.2021 · transcription the main goal of transcription is to turn dna into rna

•DNA RNA •Location: -Nucleus of the cell Steps to Transcription •1. An enzyme attaches to the promoter (start signal region) of a gene and unwinds the DNA Steps to Transcription (Cont.) •2. One strand acts as a template. Steps to Transcription (Cont.) •3. A mRNA copy is made from the DNA template strand by the enzyme RNA polymeras Transcription to Translation •All 3 kinds of RNA are made by Transcription: mRNA, rRNA and tRNA •mRNA -carries the code from DNA to Ribosome •rRNA -makes up the Ribosomes (site of protein production) •tRNA -carries the amino acids to the ribosomes to be made into proteins •Most biology classes focus on the production of mRNA in. Transcription and Translation Algorithms ©2018 Sami Khuri 1 Transcription and Translation Algorithms Transfer of genetic information from DNA to RNA to protein in prokaryotes and eukaryotes Transcription and translation occur in separate compartments in the eukaryotic cell but in the same compartment in the prokaryotic cell

3.5 Transcription and translation 3.5.2 Outline DNA transcription in terms of the formation of an RNA strand complementary to the DNA strand by RNA polymerase. Mark Scheme A. RNA polymerase controls transcription / is the enzyme used in transcription quick review ­ transcription and translation 1. 910dnamrnait carries the genetic code from dna to ribosome to make a proteinit carries the amino acids to make proteinbecause the genetic code is the recipe to make a protein and is contained in a mrnacodons are in mrna and anti codons are groups of 3 bases in trnatranscription takes place in. DNA, REPLICATION AND TRANSCRIPTION DNA, REPLICATION AND TRANSCRIPTIONDNA, REPLICATION AND TRANSCRIPTION Teacher's Guide www.knexeducation.com KNX96080-V2 ©2007K'NEXLimitedPartnershipGroup anditslicensors. II. Replication&Transcription III.Coding,Translation,andMutations [PDF] Dna Transcription And Translation Mcq With Answers Thank you entirely much for downloading dna transcription and translation mcq with answers.Most likely you have knowledge that, people have see numerous times for their favorite books past this dna transcription and translation mcq with answers, but end up in harmful downloads Practicing DNA Transcription and Translation . For the following examples, give the appropriate sequenceof DNA, mRNA, tRNA and/or polypeptide (AA = amino acids). Remember: A codon chart can only be used for decoding a strand of mRNA. Example 1: DNA: T A C G C G C C T A G G G G G T G

1: DNA Replication, Transcription and Translation

RNA Processing Nuclear membrane Transcription RNA Processing Translation DNA Pre-mRNA mRNA Ribosome Protein Eukaryotic Cell 2. RNA Processing Introns are pulled out and exons come together. End product is a mature RNA molecule that leaves the nucleus to the cytoplasm. 2 D Translation, transcription, DNA replication Question 3 DNA and RNA are similar in the sense that A Both have uracil B Both have phosphate C Both have ribose sugars D Both occur in the nucleus only Question 4 The bond that forms between two adjacent amino acids is a dna_coloring_transcription_and_translation_answer_key 1/3 Dna Coloring Transcription And Translation Answer Key Read Online Dna Coloring Transcription And Translation Answer Key Physiology Coloring Workbook-Kenneth Axen 1997 Physiology Coloring Workbook is a breakthrough approach to learning and remembering the body's processes

The transcription process is similar to replication Transcription and replication both involve complex enzymes and complementary base pairing The two processes have different end results. Replication copies the entire DNA; transcription copies a gene. Replication makes one copy; transcription can make many copies. Which direction i This session will explain how the cell uses its DNA instructions to make a RNA message, and the RNA message to make a protein. Learning Objectives. Outline the processes of transcription and translation. List the basic components needed to successfully undergo transcription and translation • Pt.0-DNA! • Pt.1-DNAreplication! • Pt.2-DNAtranscribedintoRNA! • Pt.3-RNAtranslatedintoprotein Transcription &translation. 1. AVINASH BVN13007. 2. DEFINITION :- Transcription is synthesis of single stranded RNA from a double stranded DNA template. Its produces messenger RNA ( mRNA). Translation is the 1st stage of protein biosynthesis from RNA. In this process formation of a polypeptide by using mRNA as a template Transcription and translation practice worksheet example. Displaying top 8 worksheets found for transcription and translation practice. Using the genetic code chart fill in the amino acids for each dna strand. On the worksheet make the mrna codons into trna codons review transcription to protein synthesis sheet

dna transcription and translation worksheet pdf. dna transcription and translation worksheet pdf. Worksheet. Dna Transcription And Translation Worksheet Richard. August 9, 2021 August 9, 2021. The same genetic information is in all 100 trillion cells of any one person. It includes identifying molecules multiple choice matching and fill-in-the. Biology Transcription And Translation Practice Worksheet Answers Pdf - RNA Worksheet Name : Biological Science Picture Directory : Unlike dna replication, in which both strands are copied, only one strand is transcribed.. By enabling player identifier, you'll know the real person behind the nickname in your game Transcription Study Guide This study guide is a written version of the material you have seen presented in the transcription unit. The cell's DNA contains the instructions for carrying out the work of the cell. These instructions in the translation process, and rRNA, which acts as a structural element in the ribosome ( 9. The synthesis of mRNA based on a DNA template is called. A. DNA replication B. transcription C. translation D. DNA restriction. Answer: B. 10. Recognition/binding site of RNA polymerase is called. A. receptor B. promoter C. facilitator D. terminator. Answer: B. TRANSCRIPTION MCQs TRANSCRIPTION Objective type Questions with Answers. 11 Transcription and translation worksheet answer key biology. Some of the worksheets for this concept are practicing dna transcription and translation, cell cycle dna replication transcription translation, protein synthesis practice 1 work and answers pdf, ipa. Control of gene expression in prokaryotes worksheet answers along

Transcription And Translation Worksheet Pdf - kidsworksheetfu

  1. o acid sequence. Coloring Worksheet That Explains Transcription And Translation Transcription And Translation Biology Lessons Biology Activity 2 a c t dna. Transcription and translation worksheet pdf. Transcription and translation practice worksheet answers pdf by ad
  2. DNA transcription is a process that involves transcribing genetic information from DNA to RNA.The transcribed DNA message, or RNA transcript, is used to produce proteins.DNA is housed within the nucleus of our cells.It controls cellular activity by coding for the production of proteins
  3. How information in DNA can be used to make a protein. How DNA is copied (replication). How information in DNA can be used to make a protein. DNA replication and RNA transcription and translation. This is the currently selected item. Intro to gene expression (central dogma) The genetic code. Practice: Translation. Next lesson
  4. Transcription Transcription Transcription Transcription Translation Initiation begins with a tRNA bearing methionine (met) attaching to one of the ribosomal units. The codon for methionine is a universal start codon for reading the mRNA strand. Translation The ribosomal unit binds to mRNA where the code for met is located (AUG)
  5. 284 602 the johns hopkins university press 1986 p 316 translation modified greek text doctrina jacobi nuper baptizati dition et traduction par vincent, open access journals are the major source of knowledge for young and aspiring generations who are keen in pursuing a career in sciences this system provides easy access to networks of scientifi
  6. Transcription & Translation. Paul Andersen explains the central dogma of biology. He explains how genes in the DNA are converted to mRNA through the process of transcription. He then explains how ribosomes use this message to convert the mRNA to a functioning protein
  7. 2. 7 DNA Replication, Transcription, and Translation IB Biology Year 2 Fall 2015 Thanks to Ms. Stuckey, modified by V. Azuree 2015 animation link on picture. DNA replication Semi-Conservative Replication 2.7 U1 The replication of DNA is semi-conservative and depends on complementary base pairing.. Post replication, DNA is semi-conservative 1 strand old 1 strand new Original used as a template.

We have a dream about these transcription translation worksheet answer key photos gallery can be a guidance for you, deliver you more ideas and most important: Bacteria use operons to decide what segment of dna needs to be transcribed while eukaryotes use transcription factors rna polymerase and the transcription. 14.09.2020 · related posts of. 12-2_dna_and_chromosomes_class_notes_and_vocab.pdf: File Size: 70 kb: File Type: pdf


You just clipped your first slide! Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips 2.6 Structure of DNA and RNA 2.7 DNA Replication, Transcription and Translation 1 1 Introduction: 1.1 Structure of DNA and RNA 1.2 Base pairing 1.3 DNA is the genetic material 2 2 DNA Replication: 3 3 Transcription: DNA to RNA: 4 4 Translation: mRNA to protein: 4.1 Introduction 4.2 The Genetic Code 4.3 tRNAs 4.4 Ribosomes 4.5 Mechanism of translation 5 5 Mutations: 6 Conclusions and Overviews. Elongation and Termination in Prokaryotes. The transcription elongation phase begins with the release of the σ subunit from the polymerase. The dissociation of σ allows the core enzyme to proceed along the DNA template, synthesizing mRNA in the 5′ to 3′ direction at a rate of approximately 40 nucleotides per second. As elongation proceeds, the DNA is continuously unwound ahead of the.

About Press Copyright Contact us Creators Advertise Developers Terms Privacy Policy & Safety How YouTube works Test new features Press Copyright Contact us Creators. Protein Synthesis Worksheet Translation Of Dna Transcriptiondswers Biology Roots Grade Ap Transcription And Translation Worksheet Answers Worksheet dna transcription and translation transcription and translation worksheet answers pdf 4th grade protein synthesis worksheet answer key replication transcription and translation of dna ap biology transcription and translation quiz I believe in the.

Translation is the second part of protein biosynthesis (the making of proteins). It is part of the process of gene expression.. Before translation comes: transcription, which produces a chain of introns and exons.; RNA splicing by spliceosomes which remove introns, and; formulation of the messenger RNA from exons.; In eukaryotes, translation happens on the ribosomes in the cytoplasm and in the. Transcription and Translation (Learning Objectives) Review the cellular processes for turning the information within DNA into a protein product. What is the difference between transcription and translation? Transcription - What is the purpose for this process? In which cellular compartment does it take place Both RNA and DNA are nucleic acids, which use base pairs of nucleotides as a complementary language. The two can be converted back and forth from DNA to RNA by the action of the correct enzymes. During transcription, a DNA sequence is read by an RNA polymerase, which produces a complementary, antiparallel RNA strand called a primary transcript 15.Compare#and#contrast#DNA#replication#and#transcription.# 16.How#is#mRNA#processed#prior#to#leaving#the#nucleus?# 17.What#is#translation,#and#where#in#the#celldoes#it#occur?# 18.The#following#mRNA#sequence#is#transcribed#into#achain#of#amino#acids.##What#is#the#resulting# amino#acid#sequence?


  1. o Acids RNA to Protein. DNA vs. RNA. Note Where Things Happen
  2. Transcription, Translation, and Mutations Dr. Terence Lee Overview 1. DNA and RNA structure 2. DNA replication 3. Transcription - makes RNA 4. Translation - makes protein James Watson, Francis Crick, and Rosalind Franklin discovered the structure of DNA
  3. DNA Replication, Transcription, and Translation A Gene is a Segment of DNA When a _____ is expressed, DNA is transcribed to produce RNA and RNA is then translated to produce _____. Genotype and Phenotype • _____ 1. Genetic Composition of an Organism 2
  4. LAB: MODELING TRANSCRIPTION & TRANSLATION PERIOD: (Adapted from POGIL for AP Biology) NAME: DATE: PART 1: STRUCTURE OF DNA & RNA Your DNA Model Kit contains the following components: 1. Please use colored pencils or highlighters to color each component. Be sure to use the colors listed above so that the colors in your lab match the colors of.
  5. o acids from your packet, and the mRNA you made during your simulation of transcription of the DNA labeled Beginning of Normal Hemoglobin Gene. One o
  6. In prokaryotic cells, transcription (DNA to mRNA) and translation (mRNA to protein) are so closely linked that translation usually begins before transcription is complete. In eukaryotic cells, however, the two processes are separated in both space and time: mRNAs are synthesized in the nucleus, and proteins are later made in the cytoplasm
  7. Dna Coloring Transcription And Translation Key Free Books Author: giaoan.caodangnghehcm.edu.vn Subject: Dna Coloring Transcription And Translation Key Keywords: Dna Coloring Transcription And Translation Key, pdf, free, download, book, ebook, books, ebooks Created Date: 8/10/2021 8:05:14 A


Transcription & Translation Basic Principles of Transcription & Translation RNA is the bridge between genes and the proteins for which they code. Transcription is the synthesis of RNA under the direction of DNA. Transcription produces messenger RNA (mRNA). Translation is the synthesis of a polypeptide, using information in the mRNA Protein Synthesis Practicen And Translation Pdf Digital Worksheet Answer Key Dna Transcription And Translation Practice Worksheet Worksheet dna translation definition dna transcription and translation transcription synonym scribie transcription meaning biology Accessing these free worksheets would only be helping us in every term to succeed in our education field Dna transcription and translation worksheet answers. Mrna building is complete when the rna polymerase reaches a termination stop site on the dna 4. On the worksheet make the mrna codons into trna codons review transcription to protein synthesis sheet. Mutation worksheet dna mutations worksheet answers sc 1 st bing from transcription and. DNA Transcription and Translation Transcription and Translation Overview: u2022 A gene is required. u2022 The gene must be transcribed and mRNA produced. u2022 The mRNA must be translated into a protein. [Filename: Transcription and Translation.pdf] - Read File Online - Report Abus

(PDF) Transcription and Translation Inhibitors in Cancer

Question 5. SURVEY. 30 seconds. Q. One difference between DNA and RNA is that RNA.... answer choices. is double stranded. contains the base Thymine. contains the base Uracil Each strand of DNA consists of a chain of four kinds of nucleotides: A, T, G and C The sequence of the four bases in the strand is the genetic information Transcription and translation are used to turn the DNA strand's base sequence into a protei Practicing Dna Transcription And Translation Key Difference Between Aseptic and Sterile Aseptic vs Sterile April 20th, 2019 - Key Difference - Aseptic vs Sterile The key difference between Aseptic and Sterile techniques is that aseptic technique is utilized to reduce the likelihood of contamination from harmfu

Dna Transcription And Translation Mcq With Answer

Transcription And Translation Worksheet Answer Key Pdf

Note that transcription and translation are different to DNA replication. DNA replication is the process by which the genome is conserved for the next generation. It involves the replication of a single DNA strand into two daughter strands via the enzyme DNA polymerase. Each daughter strand containing half of the original DNA double helix The genetic information is transcribed or copied, from DNA to RNA. In other words, it results in the transfer of genetic information from DNA into RNA. 5. First Step: The expression of a gene consists of two major steps, viz., transcription and translation. Thus transcription is the first step in the process of gene regulation or protein. RNA/ TRANSCRIPTION / TRANSLATION RNA RNA: ribonucleic acid Carries out protein synthesis Differences from DNA: different sugar (ribose) single strand different base no thymine URACIL instead 3 Types of RNA: Messenger RNA: (mRNA) carries nucleotide sequence from nucleus to ribosome Transfer RNA: (tRNA) picks up amino acid in cytoplasm and carries them to ribosome Ribosomal RNA: (rRNA)found in. 19. $3.00. PDF. This worksheet on molecular genetics will prepare your 10th grade science and biology students to walk through the steps of replication, transcription, translation, and protein synthesis. Students will practice pairing nucleic acids with nucleotides in DNA and RNA as well as codons and anticodons li sequences for transcription and replication initiation. This genetic organization has its precise correspondence in the mode of expression and distinctive structural features of the RNAs. The basic mechanisms of mitochondrial DNA transcription and replication and the main cis-acting elements playing a role in both processes have been determined

Transcription And Translation Worksheet Answers Pdf + My

Definition. Transcription is the process where the genetic information on a DNA strand is transferred into an RNA strand by a series of polymerization reactions catalyzed by enzymes called DNA-dependent RNA polymerases. The translation is the process of protein synthesis where the information on RNA is expressed in the form of polypeptide chains When a complete uncoating of DNA has occurred further genes can be transcribed and this leads to viral DNA synthesis being started and, as a further consequence, late transcription being initiated. Newly-synthesized virus-DNA can be demonstrated within 11/2 hours of infection and the viral DNA-synthesis reaches a peak 1/2-1 hour later

Dna Transcription And Translation Worksheet - God Lin

Answer: Is A Triplet Code. 2 Translation is the. A synthesis of DNA from a mRNA template. B synthesis of protein from a mRNA template. C synthesis of RNA from a mRNA template. D synthesis of RNA from a DNA template. View Answer. Answer: synthesis of protein from a mRNA template. 3 Translation occurs in the Transcription overview. Transcription is the first step of gene expression. During this process, the DNA sequence of a gene is copied into RNA. Before transcription can take place, the DNA double helix must unwind near the gene that is getting transcribed. The region of opened-up DNA is called a transcription bubble Replication, Transcription, Translation Leveled Practice Name: Period: Replication: Level 1: Level 2: Transcribe the following DNA strand into mRNA T A C G G G A C T T T A G C A Level 3: Identify the following characteristics as belonging to DNA, RNA, Both or Neither.

Biology Transcription And Translation Practice Worksheet

Initiation. Transcription in prokaryotes (and in eukaryotes) requires the DNA double helix to partially unwind in the region of mRNA synthesis. The region of unwinding is called a transcription bubble. The DNA sequence onto which the proteins and enzymes involved in transcription bind to initiate the process is called a promoter Teachers, this product is intended to be used as either a bell ringer, exit slip, or an informal/formative assessment on the process of transcription and translation! Students will be asked to transcribe a DNA strand into mRNA, then translate the mRNA strand into tRNA. Afterwards, they will use th Feb 23, 2015 - Transcription and Translation Worksheet Answers. When autocomplete results are available use up and down arrows to review and enter to select

Protein SynthesisIBDP Biology 2Biology Protein Synthesis Review Worksheet Answer Key — db

Transcription in eukaryotes is also regulated by the binding of proteins to specific DNA sequences, but with some differences from the simple schemes outlined above. For most eukaryotic genes, general transcription factors and RNA polymerase (i.e., the basal transcription complex) are necessary, but not sufficient, for high levels of transcription The expression of genes into proteins and is a process involving two stages called transcription and translation. In the transcription stage a strand of DNA molecule serves as a template for the synthesis of an RNA molecule called messenger RNA. This messenger RNA is then translated into proteins on ribosomes dna genetics transcription and translation webquest answers is available in our digital library an online access to it is set as public so you can get it instantly. Our books collection saves in multiple countries, allowing you to get the most less latency time to download any of our books like this one opm aqt aseq put . nov . uopo Download Transcription And Translation Answer Key Biology PDF April 18th, 2019 - Transcription And Translation Answer Key Biology Dna Transcription amp Translation Practice Test dna transcription amp translation practice test 5 answer key 1 a 2 a 3 d 4 b created date key biology gene to protein webquest nclark net geneti Q. The building blocks of DNA & RNA consisting of a five-carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogen-containing base